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Asquith, Herbert Henry Biography

Herbert Henry Asquith, first Earl of Oxford and Asquith, KG, PC, KC, FRS (12 Sep 1852 – fifteen February 1928), typically called H. H. Asquith, was a British pol of the party United Nations agency served as Prime Minister of the uk from 1908 to 1916.

He was the last Prime Minister to steer a majority Liberal government and contend a central role within the style and passage of major liberal legislation. In August 1914, Asquith took the uk into the primary war, however resigned amid political conflict in Gregorian calendar month 1916 and was succeeded by his secretaryship, David player patron saint.

Asquith's father in hand atiny low business however died once Asquith was seven. Asquith was educated at town of London faculty and Balliol school, Oxford. He trained as a attorney and when a slow begin to his career achieved nice success. In 1886, he was adopted as Liberal candidate for East transverse flute, a seat he control for over thirty years.

In 1892, he was appointed as Secretary of State for the Home Department in Gladstone's fourth ministry, remaining within the post till the Liberals lost the 1895 election. within the decade of opposition that followed, Asquith became a serious figure within the party, and once the Liberals regained power beneath Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman in 1905, Asquith was named Chancellor of the cash in hand. In 1908, Asquith succeeded him as Prime Minister, with David player patron saint as Chancellor.

Asquith, Herbert Henry picture
Asquith, Herbert Henry

Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
In office: 5 April 1908 – 5 December 1916
Monarch: Edward VII, George V
Preceded by: Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman
Succeeded by: David Lloyd George

Chancellor of the Exchequer
In office: 10 December 1905 – 12 April 1908
Prime Minister: Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman
Preceded by: Austen Chamberlain
Succeeded by: David Lloyd George

Home Secretary
In office: 18 August 1892 – 25 June 1895
Prime Minister: William Ewart Gladstone, The Earl of Rosebery
Preceded by: Henry Matthews
Succeeded by: Matthew White Ridley

Secretary of State for War
In office: 30 March 1914 – 5 August 1914
Preceded by: J. E. B. Seely
Succeeded by: The Earl Kitchener

Leader of the Opposition
In office: 12 February 1920 – 21 November 1922
Monarch: George V
Prime Minister: David Lloyd George, Bonar Law
Preceded by: Donald Maclean
Succeeded by: Ramsay MacDonald

In office: 6 December 1916 – 14 December 1918
Monarch: George V
Prime Minister: David Lloyd George
Preceded by: Sir Edward Carson
Succeeded by: Donald Maclean

Leader of the Liberal Party
In office: 30 April 1908 – 14 October 1926
Preceded by: Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman
Succeeded by: David Lloyd George

Personal details
Born: Herbert Asquith, 12 September 1852
Morley, West Riding of Yorkshire, England
Died: 15 February 1928 (aged 75), Sutton Courtenay, Berkshire, England
Resting place: All Saints' Church, Sutton Courtenay
Political party: Liberal
Spouse(s): Helen Melland, (m. 1877; her death 1891), Margot Tennant, (m. 1894; his death 1928)
Children: 10, including Raymond, Herbert, Arthur, Violet, Cyril, Elizabeth, and Anthony
Parents: Joseph Dixon Asquith, Emily Willans
Alma mater: Balliol College, Oxford, Inns of Court School of Law
Profession: Barrister

With their 1st majority government since the Eighteen Eighties, the Liberals were determined to advance their agenda. associate impediment to the present was the unelected House of Lords, dominated by the Conservatives. once player patron saint projected, and therefore the House of Commons passed, the People's Budget of 1909, the Lords rejected it. in the meantime the African nation Act 1909 passed. Asquith known as associate election for January 1910, and therefore the Liberals won, tho' were reduced to a minority government.

Although the Lords then passed the budget, Asquith determined to reform the higher house, and following the overall election in Gregorian calendar month 1910 gained passage of the Parliament Act 1911, permitting a bill thrice glided by the Commons in consecutive sessions to be enacted despite the Lords. Asquith was less self-made in handling Irish self-rule. perennial crises semiconductor diode to gun running and violence, verging on warfare.

Asquith's action in taking the country to war was one in all the foremost necessary individual ministerial choices of contemporary times; he did it with Britain united and with the postponement of the problems of eire and women's franchise. He aided Britain's final success within the war through his early choices on national mobilisation; the despatch of land military Force to the Western Front, the creation of a mass army, and therefore the development of associate industrial strategy designed to support the country's war aims.

But Asquith's technique of acting as intercessor among proficient cupboard members like player patron saint and Sir Winston Leonard Spenser Churchill was less effective in war than in peace, and setbacks within the war effort forced him to create a coalition government with the Conservatives and Labour early in 1915.

Bitter rivalries within and between the 3 major parties worsened once Asquith was unable to forge the coalition into a harmonious team. it absolutely was weakened by his own indecision over strategy, mobilization, and finance. player patron saint unionized his overthrow and replaced him as Prime Minister in Gregorian calendar month 1916.

Asquith remained as leader of the party, however was unable to quell the inner conflict. The party apace declined in quality and was ruined by the 1918 election. Asquith accepted a baronage in 1925 and died, aged 75, in 1928. His role in making the fashionable British state (1906–1911) are celebrated, however his weaknesses as a war leader and as a celebration leader when 1914 are emphatic by historians.

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